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Humans living underground

Humans living underground

Humans living underground
Last Updated on January 10, Historical evidence suggests humans have been living underground for millennia, first in caves and then later in shallow excavations roofed with sticks, mud and thatch. Just as above-ground homes vary greatly in their construction and appearance, so do underground homes. Types include constructed caves, culvert homes, earth berm dwellings, elevational dwellings and atrium homes. And reasons for living underground are just as diverse — improved energy efficiency; low maintenance; better security; good protection in harsh climates, natural or man-made disasters and minimal environmental impact. Click on any image to start lightbox display. Use your Esc key to close the lightbox. Sunday, 12 April, Includes our magnetic WristBuddy, an extendable, flexible magnetic flashlight and our three function COB headlamp! Designed to hold lots of screws, nails, nuts and washers, the magnets are amply strong enough to also hold drill bits, hex keys, bolts, screwdrivers and even spanners. Made from extremely durable D Oxford cloth, your WristBuddy will be with you for years to come. This bright, COB LED flashlight extends to a full 60cm 2fthas a flexible neck and a strong magnet in the lens surround. It's also a wonderful aid for anyone with bad knees. All you needed was a third hand with a flashlight, right? Set it for bright, normal or strobe function with a click of the switch. Weighing just 65 grams 2. And because it's both shock and water resistant, it's great for camping and fishing as well as in the home and workshop. Please note that there is a limit of three combo packs per customer. Includes our magnetic WristBuddy, an extendable, flexible magnetic flashlight and our high-powered COB headlamp! The perfect gift for any DIYer! Maximum of three combo packs per customer. Almost Gone! Expect to come in days. Last Updated on January 10, Historical evidence suggests humans have been living underground for millennia, first in caves and then later in shallow excavations roofed with sticks, mud and thatch.

What would humans look like if they evolved underground

Whenever we've tried to test the effects that living in isolation without sunlight have on the body, a common thread has emerged: much longer sleep cycles. Take cave explorers Josie Laures and Antoine Senni, for example, who lived underground for months in the s. When they emerged from their self-imposed solitude having stayed in separate cavesboth thought much less time had passed than was actually the case, to the tune of several weeks. What's more, Senni would sometimes sleep for stretches of 30 hours at a time, then wake up believing he'd just had a short nap. Researchers on the surface kept in touch with the pair and monitored their vital statistics for any signs of deteriorating health, but they didn't offer any clues as to the passing of time or the cycle of days. It would seem that without the rising and the setting of the Sun to guide us, our bodies lose track of just how many weeks and days are going by, and when we should be sleeping. At the start of my stay I read, and then I lost the desire. I didn't suffer from the cold. I was well heated in my little tent. My tape recorder refused to work the first few days, but later I managed to repair it and I listened to music. Outside of that I knitted, and knitted some more, and looked forward to the time when I would finally see the sun. The experiment was seen as a window into how astronauts might hold up physically and mentally on long, lonely voyages into space, a concern that has recently been brought up again as NASA prepares to send a manned mission to Mars. The Atlantic points to further research indicating humans will occasionally stretch out sleep cycles to 48 hours given the chance. If we ever develop some kind of deep, cryogenic sleep system for sending astronauts to the far reaches of space, it looks like our bodies will provide a natural starting point. Other similar experiments have found loneliness and mental tiredness to be the biggest problems when people are left with no one but themselves for company for months at a time if you've ever seen Cast Awayyou'll remember Tom Hanks making friends with a volleyball. More studies of this nature are going to be required if we're to understand the toll that darkness and isolation take on the human psyche, but the experiments undertaken so far make for fascinating reading.

Disadvantages of living underground

After being voted one of the best novellas up toit was included that same year in the populist anthology Modern Short Stories. The story, set in a world where humanity lives underground and relies on a giant machine to provide its needs, predicted technologies similar to instant messaging and the Internet. The story describes a world in which most of the human population has lost the ability to live on the surface of the Earth. Each individual now lives in isolation below ground in a standard room, with all bodily and spiritual needs met by the omnipotent, global Machine. Travel is permitted, but is unpopular and rarely necessary. The two main characters, Vashti and Kuno, live on opposite sides of the world. Vashti is content with her life, which, like most inhabitants of the world, she spends producing and endlessly discussing secondhand 'ideas'. Kuno, however, is a sensualist and a rebel. He persuades a reluctant Vashti to endure the journey and the resultant unwelcome personal interaction to his room. There, he tells her of his disenchantment with the sanitised, mechanical world. He confides to her that he has visited the surface of the Earth without permission, and that he saw other humans living outside the world of the Machine. However, the Machine recaptures him, and he is threatened with 'Homelessness': expulsion from the underground environment and presumed death. Vashti, however, dismisses her son's concerns as dangerous madness and returns to her part of the world. As time passes, and Vashti continues the routine of her daily life, there are two important developments. First, the life support apparatus required to visit the outer world is abolished. Most welcome this development, as they are skeptical and fearful of first-hand experience and of those who desire it. Secondly, "Technopoly", a kind of religion, is re-established, in which the Machine is the object of worship. People forget that humans created the Machine, and treat it as a mystical entity whose needs supersede their own. Those who do not accept the deity of the Machine are viewed as 'unmechanical' and threatened with Homelessness. The Mending Apparatus—the system charged with repairing defects that appear in the Machine proper—has also failed by this time, but concerns about this are dismissed in the context of the supposed omnipotence of the Machine itself. During this time, Kuno is transferred to a room near Vashti's. He comes to believe that the Machine is breaking down, and tells her cryptically "The Machine stops. At first, humans accept the deteriorations as the whim of the Machine, to which they are now wholly subservient, but the situation continues to deteriorate, as the knowledge of how to repair the Machine has been lost. Finally, the Machine collapses, bringing 'civilization' down with it. Kuno comes to Vashti's ruined room. Before they perish, they realise that humanity and its connection to the natural world are what truly matter, and that it will fall to the surface-dwellers who still exist to rebuild the human race and to prevent the mistake of the Machine from being repeated. In contrast to Wells' political commentary, Forster points to the technology itself as the ultimate controlling force.

Underground living systems

Last Updated on April 15, Ancient myths and legends tell of several mysterious underground cities filled with secret chambers, passages shrines and tombs. Many of these remarkable underground worlds remain shrouded in mystery because we have not been able to locate them yet. There are also fascinating very old underground tunnels, caves and cities that have been discovered, but the history behind them remains unsolved because we have no idea who built them and for what purposes. In this article, AncientPages. Some of them are real. Some haven't been found yet and perhaps some are never meant to be located…. The lost labyrinth, full of hieroglyphs sculpted for eternity in its endless stone walls is believed to contain all knowledge of ancient Egypt. The Labyrinth of Egypt has been described by a number of ancient writers such as Herodotus, Strabo, Diodorus, and Pliny. This legendary complex, named the "Labyrinth" by the ancient Greeks was legendary complex is believed to be an enormous collective tomb of the twelve kings who built it and a resting place for sacred crocodiles. A research team was able to prove that the Labyrinth exists, but this amazing discovery was never heard of because the Egyptian government opposed the outside world should learn about the findings. Read more. According to those who entered the subterranean tunnels and visited this marvelous place the city was once inhabited by an unknown race. Now, thousands of years later the place had been abandoned, but the visitors saw strange mummies and curious old artifacts. It is possible that such a mysterious underground world exist beneath the Death Valley? Where is it located? Who was this strange and unknown race that once dwelled underground? Could they have been the Serpent People? Before we can enter the realms of this mysterious subterranean world, we must first listen to the words of the Paiute Indians who have legends describing an underground world few people have heard of. Ever since an intriguing article reporting the discovery of a great underground citadel of the Grand Canyon appeared in the Arizona Gazette inscientists have debated whether the story is true or a hoax. Several alternative history authors and researchers, among them David Hatcher Childress believe the discovery did occur and this is yet another archaeological cover-up. Inapproximately 50 miles 30 km south of Nevsehir, Cappadocia, Turkey, Omer Demir stumbled across a deep hole in Turkish: derinkuyu that led to a steep path leading deeper down to passages, niches amd shafts dug into the bedrock. After intensive excavation, it became clear that Derinkuyu was an entire city complex built in that hole beneath the surface. The community had a most sophisticated infrastructure and the accommodation built there was obviously meant for long periods of time. If we assume that the entire complex was built using tools that exceeded the capabilities of the Turks of the period, so who were the builders of the underground city of Derinkuyu? What happened to the very large human bones that were unearthed? Are we facing yet another archaeological cover-up? Readers were informed that Mr. George Keating, City Marshal discovered an ancient wonderful lost city beneath Missouri. The city was found at the bottom of a coal shaft feet deep, which was being sunk near Moberly in Randolph County, Missouri. Tsurugi Deepens. While excavating at the mountain, scientists came across something ancient and unusual hidden deep inside an underground structure. Soon, all excavations were stopped. Is an ancient unknown civilization or a priceless prehistoric treasure buried beneath Mt. InTakane and a group of archaeologists started to excavate at Mt. The project continued for three years.

Effects of living underground

As crazy as it sounds, certain people deliberately choose to live underground. Sometimes, these people form entire communities consisting of thousands of people. Usually, they are homeless and have few options available. At other times, they are forced to live underground due to circumstances beyond their control or because they cannot afford aboveground homes. Over one million Chinese citizens or 5 percent of the people who live in Beijing live in windowless, overcrowded basements and underground air raid shelters. These people, called the rat tribe shuzuare ambitious youths who have abandoned their towns and villages to work in Beijing. The air raid shelters were dug during the Sino-Soviet border war of on the orders of Chairman Mao Tse-tung. This was when people started renting them out. Many youths live underground because they cannot afford an aboveground apartment or just want to save money. The underground rooms go for half the price of an aboveground apartment. The rat tribe often suffers discrimination due to their living conditions. Most do not even tell their relatives that they live underground. Some homeowners also impose weird rules like forbidding renters from tanning themselves or airing out their bedding outside the house. The government has banned people from renting out their air raid shelters, but it seems like some did not get the memo. Maybe they just decided to disobey government orders. The local authorities rarely try to enforce the ban. In Colombiathe homeless people who live in the sewers of Bogota are hunted and murdered by dedicated death squads that have been active since the s. Back then, homeless people lived on the streets. However, after many of them were killed, they fled to sewers filled with feces, garbage, and rats. The targeted killings are the handiwork of rich Colombian businessmen who consider the homeless as nuisances who must be eradicated. To achieve this, they commissioned death squads consisting of former soldiers and police officers.

Underground city

Humans living underground
By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. It only takes a minute to sign up. All I know so far is, they're a developed culture of humans who live in cave networks underground, made fit for life. They speak their own language, and they have some contact with outsiders, with whom they trade. No one has ever been on the surface, and though concepts of "above" and "heaven" are captured in their songs and stories, no one is interested in "going up". Although, they covet a somewhat rare material outsiders call "lightstone" you can guess what it does. They trade with outsiders for lightstone. They get water from underground sources. Food and fire, I'm not so sure. I don't know if they can grow wood there with only light from lightstone and fire. Maybe some really robust saplings, but could they grow without sunlight? Without wood, I'm not sure if fire is a possibility - could they just use coal and other non-renewable sources? If so, I suppose this makes light finite, which is an interesting twist. As for food, there are beasts which live in the caves which they can hunt, as well as moss and fungus probably, but beyond that I don't know what they eat, or how they maintain nutrition. They're a hardy people, but there's probably a minimum they need to survive. My chief concern, though, is how do they live without natural light? Can humans do this for indefinite generations? Would I need to modify their biology to make this aspect work? I think one of the simplest ways to do this would be to find some kind of volcanic activity, deep underground. Volcanic intrusion of molten rock into the lower parts of your caves provides heat, and even a little light. You'll want a shaft passing through the layers your people live on and up to the surface or at least, somewhere it can safely vent large quantities of toxic gas. This carries the volcanic gases away upward to where they won't asphyxiate the people or you can just have the magma on the other side of a wall, so the toxic gases are kept out - you just need the source of heat. The more important part, though, is that the rising warm air creates a strong flow that draws the air out of the tunnels. This means that fresh air is drawn in at the other end, so you can have this continual flow where fresh air is pulled in at the entrances away from the magma, and then the stale air is drawn up by the rising hot column near to the magma. You can do this with furnaces, but they need fuel which can be hard to come by underground, so living near volcanic activity is an attractive option. This is how termites keep the air in the deepest part of their nests breathable, except that they use the heat of the sun warming their termite mounds rather than furnaces or volcanoes. Once you have the air situation sorted, you can also use the heat of the magma to allow something like the clusters of life around hot vents on the seabed, and hopefully that can be the bottom of a food chain that eventually produces something edible by humans. Probably from plankton-type things to siphoning sea-sponge type things to crab-like or fish-like things, and from there you're in more recognisable territory for a fish-based food source - kinda like real-world fish or oyster farms, but in vats deep underground. Seaweed gives you good options for "vegetables", and there are algae that have all sorts of beneficial properties. You can also use this for handling waste - sewage, food waste, even cloth and wood once it's been mulched down a bit; basically anything biological. Oysters are great at filtering water, so you can supplement whatever underground streams you're using for drinking water by filtering waste water. The heat of the magma also provides the option of distillation. If you want, you could probably get some bioluminescent plants or even creatures so that you can get low-level lighting just by piping water from the vats through something transparent, and then the water will provide warmth and nutrients or plankton, or whatever for the glowing plants to live on. It's probably not bright enough to grow crops, although perhaps with lenses you could focus the light into small patches that could grow a plant or two, which might be enough to grow a few medicinal plants for your doctors. The warmth of the water also lets you spread the heat around and turn some of the cooler caves into places warm enough to live comfortably, so they don't have to cluster so tightly around the magma intrustions and can have a little more living space.

How deep underground can humans survive

Humans living underground
When you wander the tunnels of the underground city of Nushabad you are tracing your way back from modern day Iran to ancient history. The walls echo with the memories of the Sassanian period and perhaps even its predecessors. Refuge, tourist site, and fascinating archaeological site — Nushabad enthralls its visitors. Nushabad known also as Ouyi is a city located in Isfahan, a province in the center of Iran. This city is famed for its remarkable complex of underground tunnels and chambers. Inside the underground city of Nushabad, Iran. Friendly Iran Travel Agency. Struck by the refreshing and clean quality of the water he had just drunk, he ordered a city to be built around it. During the summers, the area, which is in a desert, may become unbearably hot. In times like this, the inhabitants of the area could enter Nushabad to seek refuge from the scorching heat above the ground. As time went by, the underground city became more than just a place where the inhabitants of the area could obtain fresh water or escape from the heat. Nushabad also served as a refuge during times of war. Over the centuries, numerous invaders arrived in that region to pillage and kill. The Mongol invasion of Iran during the 13th century is a well-known example of this. When these invaders arrived in the city above ground, they would find it empty, as its inhabitants would have had fled to the underground city. Nushabad is found to have been used in this way throughout the history of Iran up until the Qajar period. The underground city has several features that facilitate its role as a place of refuge in times of war. For example, whilst the underground city may be entered via multiple entrance points, they are so tight that only one person can enter at a time. This meant that an invading army could not rely on superior numbers to overwhelm those hiding in Nushabad. Additionally, there are ventilation shafts that allow air flow in and out of Nushabad, whilst fresh water is provided by the spring. This meant that refugees were able to stay in the underground city for long periods of time. It has also been suggested that there would have been some storage areas for food as well. Nushabad was eventually abandoned and forgotten by the local population. For example, earthen vessels and stone instruments from the Sassanian, Ilkhanid, and Safavid periods have been found at Nushabad, indicating that the city had been used during those periods. Artifacts found in the underground city of Nushabad, Iran. In Augustthe fifth excavation phase of Nushabad began. The last excavation, incidentally, had been carried out eight years prior to that. Unfortunately, the fourth phase could not be continued as the soil was too firm. The new research has the potential to change our understanding of Nushabad, as it suggests that the underground city was already in use even before the Sassanian period. Today, Nushabad is also open to tourists. Human remains were discovered in the underground city of Nushabad, Iran. Source: Friendly Iran Travel Agency. CultureOverload, Iran Daily, Iran Front Page, Irandoostan,

Mole people

Then it has the look of permanent snow the kind you deal with until Marchand the cold settles in for the season. My wife, Anne, and I live with our daughter, Samantha we call her Samin a 1,square-foot earthen home, also known as an underground house. One year we waited until Dec. We moved to the Yoop as most locals call itmore than a decade ago, and took a chance on an underground home. Picture a ranch home with three bedrooms and a sunken living room we enjoy the fun of having a sunken living room in a sunken house along the south wall, all with large bay windows to soak up passive solar heat. The kitchen, dining, bath and extra rooms lie along the back wall, and a woodburning stove sits in the middle of it all. The house is made of concrete, glass, and stone, and has wood siding and trim along the south face — on the few parts that stick out from ground level. That routine keeps us warm well into early December. We usually burn only five or six pieces a night; any more than that and the house gets uncomfortably hot. And when we finally do need to turn on the heater, we use a traditional, high-efficiency electric furnace with a programmable thermostat. Our electricity is renewable and, in this application, inexpensive. Not bad. Not bad at all. Sometime shortly after the Summer of Love ineight young couples decided to leave their big city problems behind and buy an old farmstead, complete with a barn, outbuildings, and about 10 acres of land. The plan was to build a back-to-nature commune of sorts and live simple lives with just the basics. The couples renovated the farmhouse, put in a large garden, and set about the task of building a new house to the east of the original—two stories high, complete with eight suites, and with shared kitchen and living areas on both floors. As their families grew, they decided they wanted individual housing and started building earthen homes. They built the first underground house — our home — west of the main house, near the large garden. The rooms along the north wall are a bit dark during the day, even with the open layout of the house and large south-wall windows. We also have to run a dehumidifier much of the year.

Underground homes

Coober Pedy is an inhospitable place, where temperatures can reach 50C. Many cities — due to space constraints, heritage areas, or other factors — cannot build up, or out. But what about down? Consider the case of Singapore, one of the most crowded countries on the planet. Its population of nearly 5. Designed to house asq m research and development facility m below the surface, the USC will support biomedical and biochemistry industries, among others. If completed, it is estimated to house a working population of 4, In other cases, land is scarce because of heritage restraints. In Mexico City, for instance, there are strict building restrictions in its historic centre. The proposed building would house 5, people, with terraced floors receiving natural light from a huge glass ceiling above — although the lower floors will need extra lighting with fibre optics. I envisioned horrible squalor — and there are places that are terrible — but what was surprising is there were also places there that were really nice, relative to Beijing standards. So how many people live underground in Beijing? Kim says official estimates vary betweenand two million. In recent years, a huge number of rural workers looking for better jobs have come to Beijing, but many do not have an official residency permit, making them ineligible for the housing available to Beijingers above ground. The only flats they can afford are subterranean spaces offered in the expensive private housing market. About 1,km south of Beijing, developers are exploring a totally different use of underground space with the Shimao Wonderland Intercontinental — a bedroom hotel currently being built into the rock face of a disused, 90m-deep quarry 35km south-west of Shanghai. Things like water and sewage have to be pumped up rather than going down. But there are benefits. The topography of the quarry creates a microclimate — the rock draws in heat over summer, slowly releasing it like a storage radiator in winter. Temperature is also a factor in Helsinki, Finland, where authorities have built nine million cubic metres of facilities under the city — including shops, a running track, ice-hockey rink and swimming pool. But are we willing to spend long periods of time in subterranean dwellings? For a small percentage of people, the mere thought of being underground in a confined space can be terrifying. But there are some way to counter their fears. That is the key. You can use illusions but the best is if it really is spacious and [has] good lighting. Jenssen has worked on four of the longest road tunnels in the world. To create the illusion of space, within the tunnel he creates well-lit oases with palm trees and illusions of the sky along the route. Using illusions and design tricks to make ourselves more comfortable underground is one thing, but if we were to live underground, would we suffer adverse effects from a lack of sunlight? Lawrence Palinkas, from the University of Southern California, says a lack of sunlight can cause difficulty with sleep, mood and hormone function which can produce chronic diseases of different varieties. So, technically, we can live underground. But will we? Li Huanqing, a research fellow at Nanyang Technological University who made underground urbanisation the focus of her doctoral thesis, says most cities are not planning underground houses, but multifunctional underground spaces that will be occupied by shopping malls and public thoroughfares to free up more surface land for housing, green space and recreation. Zhou says this makes sense. Will We Ever? The town where people live underground: Welcome to Coober Pedy

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